Suplement do nr-u 2/2003

Zaburzenia filmu łzowego w sezonowym alergicznym zapaleniu spojówek

Lacrimal film disturbances in seasonall allergic conjunctivitis

Aleksandra Usowska1, Piotr Rapiejko2, Agnieszka Lipiec3, Andrzej Wojdas2, Marek Rękas1

1Klinika Okulistyki, Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny, Warszawa
Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. Andrzej Stankiewicz
2Klinika Otolaryngologii, Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny, Warszawa
Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. Dariusz Jurkiewicz
3Samodzielna Pracownia Profilaktyki Zagrożeń Środowiskowych,
Akademia Medyczna w Warszawie
Kierownik: dr hab. med. Bolesław Samoliński


Summary: Aim: Quantitative and qualiitative of tear film in patients with seasonall allergic conjunctivitis. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 28 patients (56 eyes) with SAC in the period without symptoms. Quaantitative and qualitative composition of tears was determined. Schirmer test, Break Up Time test, Fern test were performed. Results: In 63% of patients disturbances in the aqueous layer of tears were noted (incorrect Schirmer test), as well as shortening of Break Up Time and Incorrect Fern test resalts (in 59% patients). Conclusions: In patients with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis quantitative and qualitative tear film composition disturbances were foud. These disturbances make removal on allrgens difficult.

Keywords: seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC), allrgens, tear film, Schirmer test, Break Up Time test, Fern test.


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